The post Transforms and Partial Differential Equations Notes pdf file – TPDE notes pdf file appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Transforms and Partial Differential Equations Notes pdf file – TPDE pdf notes file – TPDE notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

**Unit-1:**

- Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
- Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,expansion by use of known series,
- Expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,
- centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

**Unit-2:**

- Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
- partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives,total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

**Unit-3:**

- Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,errors and approximations,
- maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

**Unit-4:**

- Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
- applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution.triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

**Unit-5:**

- vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,
- del applied twice to point functions.integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms and their simple applications.

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]]>The post Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics Notes pdf files – MVSD notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics Notes pdf files – MVSD Notes pdf files file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

**Unit-1:**

- Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,Review of energy and power expressions,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,
- Modeling issues ,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions ,Linear superposition as a “working” principle,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

**Unit-2:**

- VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,
- Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),Note that the symmetry in the mass, Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,
- Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

**Unit-3:**

- VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs; this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order ,

however, which is beyond the scope of this course.

**Unit-4:**

- TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,
- Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems ,
- Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping ,
- Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

**Unit-5:**

- Terminology – steady state and transient response ,CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,
- Some review of time-frequency signal representation ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

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]]>The post Manufacturing Technology – I Notes pdf file – MT – I notes pdf file appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Manufacturing Technology – I Notes pdf file – MT – I pdf notes file – MT – I notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

**Unit-1:**

- Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Distortion Allowance,Sand Casting,Sand Mould,
- Rapping Allowance,Types of pattern allowances,Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

**Unit-2:**

- Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,
- Laser Beam Welding,Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-
- Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,Brazing Methods.

**Unit-3:**

- Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,Forging Processes,
- Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Metal Forming Processes,Types of Hot Working,Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Types of forging machines.

**Unit-4:**

- Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,Hydromechanical Formings,Sheet Metal Processes,
- Sheet metal Characteristics,Advantages,Rubber Pad Forming,Applications,Special Forming Processes,Limitations.

**Unit-5:**

- Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Thermosetting Plastics,
- Manifacture of Plastic Components,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

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]]>The post Internet Programming Notes pdf file – IP notes pdf file appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Internet Programming Notes pdf file – IP pdf notes file – IP notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

**Unit-1:**

- Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,Constructors,
- Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

**Unit-2:**

- Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,HTML Tags and Attributes,
- Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

**Unit-3:**

- Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
- Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

**Unit-4:**

- Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,Internal (built-in) functions,
- PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

**Unit-5:**

- Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,Internal (built-in) functions,
- PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

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]]>The post Grid and Cloud Computing Notes pdf files – GCC notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Grid and Cloud Computing Notes pdf files – GCC pdf notes files – GCC notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

**Unit-1:**

- Evolutionary Trend,MPP-Maariv parallel Processors,High Performance Computing (HPC),High Throughtput Computing (HTC),Computing Paradigms,
- Centralized Computing,Parallel Computing,Distributed Computing,Autonomous Computers,Cloud Computing.

**Unit-2:**

- Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA),Physical and Logical Resources layer,Web Services Layers,OGSA Architected Services Layer,Grid Core Services,
- Service Management,Service Communication,Policy Services,Security Services,Application Layer,Open Gird Services infrastructure,Data Intensive Grid Service Models.

**Unit-3:**

- Cloud Deployment Models,Cloud Computing,Private Cloud,Data Center Networking,Cloud Design Objectives,Cloud Service Models of different Serives Levels,Infrastracture as a Service (IAAS),
- Platfrom as a Service,Software as a Service(SAAS),Implementation Levels of Virtualization,Code Interpretation.

**Unit-4:**

- Globus Toolkit Architecture,GT4 Library,Globus Job Workflow,Client-Globus Interactions,MapReduce Model in detail,Introducing Hadoop,
- Map & Reduce function,HDFS Concepts in detail,Namenodes and Datanodes,HDFS Federation,HDFS High-Availability,Failover and fencing,
- Anatomy of a File Read,Anatomy of a File write,Ingest the URLs and their associated metadata,Normalize the URLs,Eliminate duplicate URLs,Filter the URLs against a set of exclusion and inclusion filters.

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]]>The post Graphics and Multimedia Notes pdf files – GM Notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Graphics and Multimedia Notes pdf files – GM pdf notes – GM Notes pdf files to download are listed below please check it –

**Unit-1:**

- Introduction,Computer hardware,Bresenham’s Line Algorithm,Parallel Line algorithm,Computer Software,decision variable or the error,
- Bresenhams algorithm,DDA Algorithm (Digital differential analyzer),DDA Line Algorithm,Advantages,Disadvantages,Line Drawing algorithm,Circle Generating algorithm.

**Unit-2:**

- Three Dimensional Object Representations,Polygon Tables,Plane Equations,Interpolation and Approximation Splines,Parametric Continuity Conditions,
- Geometric Continuity Conditions,Polygon Surfaces,Polygon Meshes,Spline Representations,Coordinate Spaces,Converting From 3-D To 2-D.

**Unit-3:**

- Multimedia authoring and user interface,Types of multimedia authoring systems,Distributed data access,User interface design,Hypermedia application design considerations,
- Integration of applications,Design issues of multimedia authoring,File format and data compression issues,Design approaches to authoring,Common UI and application integration,
- Special metaphors for multimedia applications.

**Unit-4:**

- Components of a Multimedia System,Storage Subsystem,Impact of Application Requirements on Subsystems,Database,Network Subsystem,
- Network Components,Ethernet,Rt(Real Time) Multimedia Architecture,Storage Devices,Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM),.

**Unit-5:**

- v NTRODUCTION,Process Management,Operating Systems,v THREADS,OS/2 was designed as a time- sharing operating system.

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]]>The post Foundation Engineering Notes pdf files – FE notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Foundation Engineering Notes pdf files – FE pdf notes files – FE notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

**Unit-1:**

- Wash boring,Planning For Subsurface Exploration,Fact finding and geological survey,Penetrometer Tests,Types of boring,Reconnaissance,
- Auger boring,Auger boring,Undisturbed samples,Requirement of good sampling process,Displacement borings,Standard penetration test.

**Unit-2:**

- INTRODUCTION,DIFFERENT METHODS OF ANALYSIS,Rankine earth pressure,Determination of earth pressure coefficients,Inclined Ground,
- Limit Equilibrium,Limit Analysis,Method of Characteristics,Finite Element / Discrete Element Method. THEOREMS.

**Unit-3:**

- RETAINING WALL,Gravity walls,Semi Gravity Retaining Wall,Counterfort retaining wall,Flexible walls,Sheet Pile Walls,Cantilever sheet pile walls,
- Free cantilever sheet pile,Cantilever Sheet Pile Wall with Backfill,Anchored sheet pile walls,Free earth support piles,Fixed earth support piles.

**Unit-4:**

- Introduction,Different types of footings Fig,Flexural reinforcement,v Check for development length,Transfer of load at base of column,Determination of size of column,
- Determination of the size of the footing,Determination of design soil pressure,Flexural reinforcement.

**Unit-5:**

- DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR PILES,REQUIREMENT FOR DEEP FOUNDATIONS,CLASSIFICATION OF PILES,POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR CHOOSING PILES.

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]]>The post Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Notes pdf files – FMM notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Fluid Mechanics and Machinery Notes pdf – FMM pdf notes files – FMM notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

**Unit-1:**

- Properties of fluid,fluid mechanics,fluid kinematics,fluid dynamics,density(or)mass density,specific weight(or)weight density,specific volume,specific gravity(or)relative density,
- vocsocity,kinematic viscocity,surface tension,cappilarity,expression for cappilary rise,kinematics of flow&ideal flow,lagrangian method,eulerian method.

**Unit-2:**

- Flow through circular conducts,flow through pipes,lamianr flow,turbulant flow,loss of energy in pipes,energy loses,major energy,minor energy,
- energy equation,frictional resistence,darcy formula,chezys formula,flow through parllel pipes,boundary layer flow,moody diagram,turbulant boundary layer.

**Unit-3:**

- Dimensional and model analysis,dimensional analysis,fundmental dimensions,secondary(or)derived quantities,dimensional homogeneity,methods of dimensional analysis,
- rayleighs theorm,buckinghams theorm,method of selecting repeating variables,model,prototype,similitude,geometric similarity,kinematic similarity,dynamic symilarity,types of forces in moving fluid,inertia force,viscous force,gravity force,pressure force,
- surface tension force,elastic force,dimensionless numbers,reynolds number,froueds number,eulers number,webers number,machs number,model laws,reynolds model law,
- froude model law,euler model law,weber model law,mach mode law, classification of models,undistorted models,distorted models,advantages of distorted models,
- scale ratios for distorted models,scale ratio for velocity.It is a mathematical technique used in reserch work for design and for conductiong model tests.

**Unit-4:**

- Boundary layer flow,boundary layer concept,displacement,momentum and energy thickness,von-karman momentum integral equation,
- laminar and turbulent boundary layer flows,drag on a flat plate,boundary layer separaration and control,streamlined and bulff bodies lift and drag on a cylinder and an airfoil,
- problems.Turbulent flow:shear stress in turbulent flow,prandtl mixing length hypothesis,hydraulically smooth and rough pipes,velocity distribution in pipes,friction coefficients for smooth and rough pipes.

**Unit-5:**

- cavitations and its effects,cavitation parameters,detection and prevention of cavitation,model testing of turbines,propeller pump,jet pump,airlift pump,
- gear pump,screw pump,vane pump,radial piston pump,submersible pump,pumb problems hydraulic accumulators,hydraulic intensifier,hydraulic lift,
- hydraulic crane,hydraulic couping,torque converter,hydraulic ram,

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]]>The post Environmental Science and Engineering Notes pdf files – ESE notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Environmental Science and Engineering Notes pdf files – ESE pdf notes files – ESE notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

**Unit-1:**

- ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITYDEFINITION, SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,ENVIRONMENT,
- SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,Environment Components can be divided into biotic and abiotic components,Scope of environmental science,
- Public awareness,Reasons for environmental Ignorance,Need For Public Awareness,Methods to propagate environmental Awareness.

**Unit-2:**

- ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,Introduction,Types of pollutants,Classification of Pollution,AIR POLLUTION,Sources of air pollution,
- Classification,Control Measures,Source control,Control measures in Industrial centers,WATER POLLUTION,Types, effects and sources of water pollution,
- Infectious agents,Sources,Oxygen demanding wastes,In organic Chemicals,Thermal pollution,Human source,Effects,Control measures of water pollution,
- SOIL POLLUTION,Industrial wastes,Urban wastes,Agricultural practices.

**Unit-3:**

- INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES,DEFINITIONS, SCOPE,NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS,
- NATURAL RESOURCES,FOREST RESOURCES,1.5.1.1Commercial uses,Tropical Rain Forests,Tropical deciduous forests,Tropical scrub forests,
- Temperate rain forests,Temperate deciduous forests,Evergreen coniferous forests,Ecological uses,Production of Oxygen,Wild life habitat,
- Regulation of hydrological,over Exploitation of Forests,Deforestation,Causes of Deforestation,Consequences of deforestation,Effect on climate,Effect on biodiversity,Effect on resources.

**Unit-4:**

- SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT,Sustainable development,True sustainable development, Dimensions of sustainable development,
- Aspects of sustainable development,Urban problems related to energy,WATER CONSERVATION,Need for water conservation,
- Strategies of water conservation,Methods of water conservation,Objectives of rain water harvesting,WATER SHED MANAGEMENT,
- RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE,Causes,Rehabilitation issues,Case Studies,Environmental ethics,
- Environmental problems,Solutions,CLIMATE,Causes of climate change,Effect of climate change,Green house effect.

**Unit-5:**

- HUMAN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT,Population density,Parameters affecting population size,Population Growth,Causes of rapid population growth,
- Characteristics of population growth,Variation of population based on age structure,Population Explosion,FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME,FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME,
- ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH,HUMAN RIGHTS,VALUE EDUCATION,Education,Objectives,Types of values,
- HIV /AIDS,Origin of HIV/AIDS,Factors influencing modes of Transmission of HIV,Factors not influencing transmission of HIV,Functions of HIV in human body,Mechanism of Infection.

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]]>The post Electromagnetic Theory Notes pdf files – EMT notes pdf files appeared first on JNTU World Updates.

]]>Electromagnetic Theory Notes pdf files – EMT pdf notes files – EMT notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

**Unit-1:**

- Sources&effects of electromagnetic field,electromagnetic,field,types of field,magnetic field,electric field,engineering electromagnetics,scalar,vector,scalar field,
- vector field,scalar(or)dot product,vector(or)cross product,co-ordinate system,cartesian(or)rectungalar co-ordinate system,base vector,cylinder co-ordinate system.

**Unit-2:**

- Electrostatics,columbs law,vector form of coulombs law,electric field intensity,electric field due to point charges,electric field due to continuos charges,
- line charge,surface charge,volume charge,field due to line charge,surface charge(or)sheet charge,electric field intensity due to visuvilization point distrubution,gauss law,
- electric potential,equipotential surface,uniform field,non-uniform field,electric field conduction free space &dielectric,conduction current,convection current,dielectric constant and dielecric strength.

**Unit-3:**

- Magnetostatics,relation ship between B and H,surface current,volume current,maxwell equation in magnetic field,maxwell equation for static electromagnetic field,
- integral form,application of flux density and flux to co-axial cable,minor conductor,magnetic scalar vs vector potential,laplace equation for scalar magnetic potential,
- vector magnetic potential,poissons equation for magnetic field,inductance,induction of toroid,induction of a co-axial cable,magnetic forces.

**Unit-4:**

- Electrodynamic field,faradays law,lenz law,disadvantage of magnetic circuit,field theory and circuit theory,electric&magnetic circuits,maxwells equation,
- amper’s circuit law,faradays law,guass law for electric field,guass law for magnetic field,divergence theorm,maxwell’s equation for free space,
- integral form,maxwell’s equation for good conductor,maxwells equation for harmonically varying field,displacement current,forces and energy in quasi stationary electro magnetic field,boundary conditions for time varying field.

**Unit-5:**

- Electromagnetic waves,attenuation constant,phase constant,propogation constant,intrinsic impedence,EM wave in any general medium,em wave in free space,
- em wave in perfect dielectric,velocity,EM waves in lossy dielectrics,EM waves in good conductor,skin depth (or) depth of penetration,effect,poynting vector and poynting therom,
- waves are means of transeffering energy(or)information from source to destination.it is also a function of both time and space.

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